Organic Certification: A Case Study of Organic Valley, Nepal

College Admin

16 Jan 2018

Abstract: Organic agriculture is a holistic food production management system, which results in sound agroecological health, combat climate change, enhanced biodiversity and soil biological activities. There is an increasing interest in organic production all over the globe. With certification, there adds the confidence in the marketplace. Nepal government has authorized an organization called Organic Certification Nepal (OCN), who offers internationally accredited inspection and certification services to local operators. There are many other international organizations like NAASA (Australia), ECOCERT (France), One Cert Asia (USA), IMO (Switzerland), Control Union (Netherlands), CertAlletc. are also active in Nepal, with their agents. There are a number of methods to certify if a product is organic or not organic. This paper is an effort to find out potentials and development of organic agriculture and certification for hilly areas. Organic Valley which comprises of five VDCs out of which two VDCs is in Kavrepalanchok district and three VDCs is in Lalitpur district was surveyed by various means to assess the status of organic agriculture and certification. Through interaction with farmers, it was found 81.61% people are aware of organic farming while 68.96% are not aware of the organic certification. The major organic crop exported from the valley is coffee. Presently Internal Control System (ICS) found applicable for the certification of coffee. There is more scope of parallel cultivations in the valley, and that can be certified by using Participatory Guaranteed System (PGS). Organic farming is must since it improves environmental and human health, export possibilities and market place, discourage toxic chemical near human settlement, provide job space to youth and enhanced lifestyle. Keywords: Organic Farming, Certifying Agencies, Accredited Inspector, ICS, PGShttp://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijaas.20180401.13.pdf

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